It is well-established that excessive sugar consumption is associated with weight gain, fatty liver and serious health consequences.

A recent analysis by Chinese and American scientists has shown a link between excessive sugar consumption and a total of 45 diseases that seriously affect quality of life.

These include diabetes mellitus, obesity, tooth decay, asthma, various cardiac diseases, depression, gout (arthritis), cancer.

Experts recommend reducing added sugars to six teaspoons (25 g) per day. In addition, it is important for our health to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks to no more than one portion per week (2-3 dl).

According to the WHO, the UN Health Organization, the number of people with diabetes has risen from 108 million in the 1980s to nearly half a billion today.

The situation is particularly serious in low and middle income countries. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, strokes and lower limb amputations. Diabetes and diabetes-related kidney disease are estimated to cause 2 million deaths a year.

A healthy diet, regular exercise, maintaining a normal weight and avoiding smoking are potentiac approaches to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes.

The disease can be treated with diet, exercise, medication and regular screening.

FSource: BMJ / WHO